Most programs are broadcast from Fox News headquarters in New York City, in its streetside studio on Sixth Avenue in the west wing of Rockefeller Center. It shares its headquarters with sister channel Fox Business Network.
Fox News Channel has seven studios at its New York City headquarters that are used for its and Fox Business' programming:
• Studio B, which is used for Fox Business programming
• Studio D, has an area for studio audiences is used by The Five and Huckabee
• Studio G, which houses Fox Business shows and FNC's Justice with Judge Jeanine
• Studio H, used for Fox & Friends First, Happening Now, Studio B and the Fox Report
• Studio J, used for America's Newsroom, America Live with Megyn Kelly, Hannity and Fox Business' Money with Melissa Francis
• The Web Studio, used for Fox News Live internet shows
Fox News’ other programs, such as Special Report with Bret Baier, On the Record with Greta Van Susteren, and editions of America’s News HQ, not broadcast from the New York City studios, are broadcast from Fox News's Washington, D.C. studio, located on Capitol Hill across from Union Station in a secured building shared by a number of other television networks, including NBC News and C-SPAN.
THE GROWTH OF RATINGS
Fox News saw a large ratings jump during the early stages of the Iraq conflict. According to some reports, at the height of the conflict Fox News had as much as a 300 percent increase in viewership (averaging 3.3 million viewers daily), according to the BBC. In 2004, Fox News’ ratings for its broadcast of the Republican National Convention exceeded those of the three major broadcast networks. During President George W. Bush’s address, Fox News attracted 7.3 million viewers nationally; NBC, ABC, and CBS had a viewership of 5.9 million, 5.1 million and 5.0 million respectively.
In late 2005 and early 2006, FNC saw a brief decline in ratings. One decline was in the second quarter of 2006, when Fox News lost viewers for every prime-time program compared with the previous quarter. The audience for Special Report with Brit Hume, for example, dropped 19 percent. Several weeks later, in the wake of the North Korean missile crisis and the 2006 Lebanon War, Fox saw a surge in viewership and remained the #1 rated cable news channel. Fox produced eight of the top 10 most watched nightly cable news shows, with The O’Reilly Factor and Hannity & Colmes finishing first and second respectively.
In September 2009, the Pew Research Center published a report on the public view of national news organizations. In the report, 72 percent of polled Republican Fox viewers rated the channel as “favorable”, while 43 percent of polled Democratic viewers and 55 percent of all polled viewers shared that opinion. However, Fox was given the highest “unfavorable” rating of all national outlets studied ― 25 percent of all polled viewers. The report went on to say, “partisan differences in views of Fox News have increased substantially since 2007”.
Fox News Channel ranked #8 in viewership among all cable channels in 2006, and #6 in 2007. The channel ranked #1 during the week of Barack Obama’s election in 2008, and reached the top spot again in January 2010, during the week of the special Senate election in Massachusetts. Comparing Fox to its 24-hour newschannel competitors, the channel drew an average daily prime-time audience of 1.8 million viewers ― versus 747,000 for MSNBC and 595,000 for CNN ― in May 2010.
On the night of October 22, 2012, Fox set a record for its highest rated telecast ever, with 11.5 million viewers for the third U.S. presidential debate. In prime time the week before, Fox averaged almost 3.7 million viewers with a total day average of 1.66 million viewers.
A Public Policy Polling poll concluded in 2013 that perceptions of Fox News Channel had declined from 2010. 41% of polled voters said they trusted it, down from 49% in 2010, while 46% said they distrusted it, up from 37% in 2010. It was also called the “most trusted” network by 34% of those polled, more than said the same of any other network.
In primetime and total day ratings for the week of April 15 to 21, 2013, Fox News, propelled by its coverage of the Boston Marathon bombing, was the highest-ranked network on U.S. cable television, for the first time since August 2005, when Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast of the United States.
January 2014 marked Fox News’s 145th consecutive month as the number one rated cable news channel. During that month, Fox News beat CNN and MSNBC combined in overall viewers in both prime time hours and the total day. In the third quarter of 2014, the network was the most-watched cable channel during prime time hours.
FOX NEWS GOES WORLDWIDE
Fox News Channel is available internationally via a number of providers, while Fox Extra segments provide alternate programming.
Initially, U.S. advertisements were replaced on FNC with viewer e-mail and profiles of FNC anchors set to music. In 2002, these were replaced with international weather forecasts. In 2006, the weather forecasts were replaced with Fox Extra ― narrated reports from Fox on a variety of topics. These reports generally concern lighter issues unrelated to current news events.
In Australia, FNC is broadcast on the three major pay television providers: Foxtel, Austar and Optus Television. Foxtel is 25-percent owned by News Corporation. Sky News Australia is Fox’s sister channel.
In 2003, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) rejected a Canadian Cable Telecommunications Association (CCTA) application to bring Fox News to Canada due to concerns that Fox News U.S. and the Global Television Network were planning to create a combined American-Canadian news network. In 2004, after a Fox News U.S. executive said there were no plans to create a combined channel, the CRTC approved an application to bring Fox News to Canada.
Fox News is available on cable through French internet providers Free and Orange.
FNC is carried in the Republic of Ireland by the British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB) satellite television network (Sky), which is 40-percent owned by FNC’s parent company, 21st Century Fox. It is run as a sister channel to BSkyB’s popular Sky News.
In Israel, FNC is broadcast on the satellite provider yes and on cable operator HOT.
In Italy, FNC in on SKY Italia, with U.S. commercials replaced by Fox News Extra segments. It is available to 4.6 million subscribers and 160,000 hotel rooms.
In the Netherlands, cable provider Caiway (available in a limited number of towns in the central part of the country) is broadcasting the channel.
In New Zealand, FNC is broadcast on pay satellite operator SKY Network Television’s digital platform.
In Pakistan, Fox News Channel is available on PTCL Smart TV and a number of cable and IPTV operators.
In Singapore, FNC is broadcast on on pay cable operator StarHub TV digital platform. It also broadcasts its sister channel, Sky News.
In South Africa, FNC is broadcast on pay satellite operator TopTV’s digital platform.
FNC is carried in the United Kingdom by Sky, the British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB) satellite television network, which is 40-percent owned by FNC parent 21st Century Fox. It is run as a sister channel to BSkyB’s own Sky News.