The following is an excerpt from Liza Foreman | July 25, 2018 | BBC.com |
From cities in the air to floating villages in the Bay of Tokyo, a group of forward-thinking Japanese architects, celebrated recently in the Pompidou’s Japan-Ness exhibition in Metz, France, showed how creatively some of the country’s finest architects approached ‘sprawling urbanism’ in Japan after 1945.
Architect Kenzo Tange kick-started the decade-long Metabolism movement, which incorporated innovative technologies and the use of modular units in architecture. He designed the 1960 Plan for Tokyo proposal, during a period of peak urban development in Japan. The project was designed to accommodate expansion in Tokyo by creating architecture that connected across the Tokyo Bay. It led to a new way of approaching urban design. Tange envisioned the use of a grand axis that would cross the bay and provide platforms for creatively designed buildings.
The project promoted the concept of a floating metropolis in the ocean
In 1966, Tange further developed his urban ideas when he designed the Yamanashi Broadcasting and Press Centre in Kofu. Created for three separate media companies, the building housed a newspaper printing plant, a radio station, and a television studio. To maximise space, Tange grouped similar functions of each office together, putting the newspaper printing machinery on the ground floor, the studios on the upper floors, and the office on glass-walled floors surrounded by balconies. Space was left within the structure to provide for future expansion, but it has now been used for gardens and terraces.
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